Stockholm Conference on Environmental
Law and Justice,  6-9 September 2006

Ellen Hey (Rotterdam):
Justice in International Water Law  

Increasingly concepts and strategies are being developed at the international level of decision-making that seek to address the manner in which individual states manage water resources. Relevant examples are the human right to water, developed by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in its General Comment no. 15; the Water Resources Sector Strategy developed by the World Bank; and the development of the concept of global public goods supported by the United Nations Development Programme. These initiatives share a common element in that their primary focus is not on the inter-state paradigm, which is central to classical international water law. Within this classical paradigm, as reflected in e.g. the United Nations Convention on the Non-Navigable Uses of International Watercourses, the main focus is on attaining justice at the inter-state level.

This essay will explore how contemporary concepts and strategies seek to attain justice in international water management and what the effects thereof for international water law might be.




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