English version

Automation of Legal Reasoning

- a study on artificial intelligence and law

Kluwer/Juristförlaget, Deventer, Boston, Stockholm 1992)

Automation of Legal Reasoning explores the development which has lead up to the formation of a joint field of artificial intelligence (AI) and law. In this undertaking, the basic foundations of AI and the methodological approaches found in jurisprudence are related to each other in a historical perspective.

The book also addresses the future prospects of the discipline. In this part of the study an elaborated jurisprudential model of legal reasoning is introduced, reflecting different sub-processes and various types of legal knowledge exercising influence over them. In addition, a critical analysis of various AI-approaches that have been suggested for the field of law is provided. In this context, also two AI-system development projects carried out at The Swedish Law and Informatics Research Institute are described.

The investigation leads up to the formulation of a design approach for advanced AI-systems for law, based on a functional decomposition of legal knowledge, the integration of various computational techniques and the structural integration of different types of small-scale AI-systems.

The study is concluded with a discussion about potentialities and consequences of a future development.

Contents

PART 1 BACKGROUND AND RELATED WORK

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Artificial intelligence and law
1.2 Objectives
1.3 Scope
1.4 Method
1.5 Structure and overview

CHAPTER 2 JURISPRUDENCE AND LEGAL REASONING
2.1 Introduction
2.2 The nature of law
2.3 Mechanical jurisprudence and rule scepticism
2.4 The sociology of law
2.5 The pure theory of law
2.6 Logic in law
2.7 Separation and integration
2.8 Analytical jurisprudence and system theory
2.9 The Scandinavian development
2.10 Summary and conclusions

CHAPTER 3 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Philosophical notions
3.3 Calculation machines
3.4 Logical foundations
3.5 Electronic computers
3.6 Towards a uniform discipline of AI
3.7 Decision support system
3.8 System development methods

CHAPTER 4 INTEGRATION
4.1 Predictions
4.2 Jurimetrics
4.3 Information retrieval
4.4 A discipline of computers and law
4.5 A discipline of AI and law

PART 2 THE LEGAL REASONING PROCESS

CHAPTER 5 LEGAL REASONING
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Identification
5.3 Law search
5.4 Interpretation
5.5 Rule-application
5.6 Evaluation
5.7 Formulation
5.8 Learning
5.9 Summary and conclusions

PART 3 POTENTIALITIES OF AUTOMATION

CHAPTER 6 AUTOMATION OF LEGAL REASONING 6.1 Introduction
6.2 Preliminary considerations
6.3 Knowledge acquisition
6.4 Legal knowledge representation
6.5 Integrated solutions

CHAPTER 7 PROSPECTS
7.1 Basic presuppositions
7.2 A general legal AI-system

CHAPTER 8 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Summary
8.3 AI-applications in law
8.4 AI-methods in law
8.5 Jurisprudence for AI
8.6 Future work

LITERATURE REFERENCES

INDEX

ISBN 91-7598 548 9

Beställningar: Norstedts Juridik AB, tel 08-690 96 96, fax 08-690 90 30.

Senast ändrad 2011-08-25